Guidelines

JRCALC CLINICAL GUIDELINES

VERSION 2 (2002)

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION
DRUGS
CARDIAC ARREST AND ARRHYTHMIAS
MEDICAL EMERGENCIES
TRAUMA EMERGENCIES
PAEDIATRIC EMERGENCIES
OBSTETRIC AND GYNAECOLOGICAL EMERGENCIES
REFERENCES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
GLOSSARY

DRUGS

DRUG OVERVIEW
DRUG ROUTES

ADRENALINE (EPINEPHRINE)
ASPIRIN
ATROPINE
BENZYL PENICILLIN (PENICILLIN G)
CHLORPHENAMINE (CHLORPHENIRAMINE, Piriton)
DIAZEPAM (Diazemuls and Stesolid)
ENTONOX
FUROSEMIDE (FRUSEMIDE, Lasix)
GLUCAGON (Glucagen)
GLUCOSE 10%
GLYCERYL TRINITRATE (GTN and Suscard)
HYDROCORTISONE
HYPOSTOP
LIDOCAINE (LIGNOCAINE)
METOCLOPRAMIDE (Maxolon)
MORPHINE SULPHATE
NALBUPHINE HYDROCHLORIDE 9Nubain)
NALOXONE HYDROCHLORIDE (Narcan)
OXYGEN
PARACETEMOL ORAL SOLUTION OR SUSPENSION (Calpol)
SALBUTAMOL (Ventolin)
SODIUM CHLORIDE 0.9%
SODIUM LACTATE, COMPOUND (ringer-lactate/Hartmann's Solution)
SYNTOMETRINE
THROMBOLYTICS (Streptokinase, Reteplase, Tenecteplase)

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CARDIAC ARREST AND ARRHYTHMIAS

BASIC LIFE SUPPORT (BLS)
ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT (ALS)
BRADYCARDIA
SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA (SVT)
VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA (VT)
TRAUMATIC CARDIAC ARRREST
OUT OF HOSPITAL DEATH
CHOKING

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MEDICAL EMERGENCIES

Assessment and General Treatment Options
MEDICAL EMERGENCIES (OVERVIEW)
ABDOMINAL PAIN
BREATHLESSNESS (GENERAL)
CHEST PAIN
HEADACHE
MENATL ILLNESS
UNCONSCIOUSNESS

Specific Treatment Options
ANAPHYLAXIS/ ALLERGIC REACTIONS
ASTHMA
CARDIAC CHEST PAIN
CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD)
GLYCAEMIC EMERGENCIES
FITTING
GASTRO INTESTINAL BLEEDS (GI BLEEDS)
HEAT EXHAUSTION/ HEAT STROKE
HYPOTHERMIA
MENINGOCOCCAL SEPTICAEMIA
OVERDOSE AND POISONING
PULMONARY EMBOLISM
PULMONARY OEDEMA
STROKE

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TRAUMA EMERGENCIES

TRAUMA EMERGENCIES (OVERVIEW)
HEAD TRAUMA
SPINAL TRAUMA
THORACIC TRAUMA
ABDOMINAL TRAUMA
LIMB TRAUMA
TRAUMA IN PREGNANCY

Special Circumstances
BURNS
DRONWING/ NEAR DROWNING
ELECTROCUTION

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PAEDIATRIC EMERGENCIES

RECOGNITION OF THE SERIOUSLY ILL CHILD
PAEDIATRIC TRAUMA EMERGENCIES
PAEDIATRIC RESUSCITATION
PAEDIATRIC BASIC LIFE SUPPORT (BLS)
PAEDIATRIC ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT (ALS)
NEONATAL RESUSCITATION
PAEDIATRIC RESUSCITATION CHARTS
CHOKING

Special Circumstances
CHILD ABUSE AND SUSPECTED NON-ACCIDENTAL INURY

MEDICAL
MENINGOCOCCAL SEPTICAEMIA

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OBSTETRIC AND GYNAECOLOGICAL EMERGENCIES

NORMAL PREGNANCY
NORMAL DELIVERIES
ABNORMAL DELIVERIES (including Post Partum Haemorrhage)
ECLAMPSIA
HAEMORRHAGE DURING PREGNANCY
VAGINAL BLEEDING (NON-OBSTETRIC)

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REFERENCES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

GLOSSARY

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